If any great harm occurs, you are to take…an Eye for an Eye a tooth for a tooth.
– Exodus 21:23-24
An Eye for an Eye, a tooth for a tooth.
– Leviticus 24:20
Show no pity, take…an Eye for an Eye, a tooth for a tooth.
– Deuteronomy 19:21
I, Jesus…am the Root and Branch of David, the bright, Morning Star.
– Book of Revelation 22:16
‘Root and Branch’ Cross-References for Revelation 22:16
– (Isaiah 11:1) A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his ROOTS a BRANCH will bear fruit.
– (Romans 15:12) And again, Isaiah says, ‘The ROOT of Jesse will spring UP, one who will ARISE to rule OVER the nations; the Gentiles will hope in him.’
– (Revelation 5:5) Then one of the elders said to me, ‘Do not weep! See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the ROOT of David, has triumphed. He is able to open the scroll and its seven seals.’
The official cross-references listed for Revelation 22:16 include a specific Old Testament prophecy from the Book of Isaiah which reads: ‘A shoot will come UP from the stump of Jesse, from his Roots, a Branch will bear fruit.’ Because of its blatant use of the ‘Root and Branch’ metaphor, this passage alone should be proof enough that the word ‘Branch’ may indeed be synonymous with the more common term ‘Offspring’ used in most English Biblical translations of Revelation 22:16- ‘I, Jesus…am the Root and Offspring of David.’
ROOT/BRANCH OLD TESTAMENT: A shoot will come UP from the stump of Jesse; from his Roots, a Branch will bear fruit. (Isaiah 11:1)
ROOT/BRANCH NEW TESTAMENT: And again, Isaiah says, ‘The Root of Jesse will spring UP, one who will arise to rule OVER the nations; the Gentiles will hope in him.’ (Romans 15:12)
Not only that, but it also seems that St. Paul himself makes reference this same passage from Isaiah in his New Testament Letter to the Romans, where he mentions both the Root (Downward Triangle) and how it shall also metaphorically ‘spring UP’ (Upward Triangle) in a prediction concerning ‘one who will ARISE to rule OVER the nations’.
Clearly, Paul’s use of language can be seen as a blatant display of the Biblical tradition- ‘As Above, so Below’, or in this particular case where the Root is mentioned first- ‘As Below (Root) so Above (Branch)’. The metaphorical understanding to these two Biblical cross-references (Isaiah 11:1 and Romans 15:12) may be seen as follows:
OLD TESTAMENT: A shoot will come UP…From his Roots, a Branch will bear fruit. (Isaiah 11:1)
NEW TESTAMENT: The Root of Jesse will spring UP…who will ARISE to rule OVER the nations. (Romans 15:12)
SYMBOLIC INTERPRETATION: A Downward Triangle shall bring forth an additional Upward Triangle, just as a living tree Root Below will inevitably result in the growth of a new Branch Above. For just as the Star of David requires the presence of both Triangles to become a Star, so too a living tree needs both Roots and Branches simultaneously in order to grow and prosper.
DOWNWARD TRIANGLE: Stump of Jesse, His Roots (Isaiah), Root of Jesse (Romans)
UPWARD TRIANGLE: A shoot will come UP, a Branch will bear fruit (Isaiah), will spring UP, will ARISE to rule OVER the nations (Romans)
BOTH TRIANGLES: The metaphorical family lineage (or family tree as it were) that both the Prophet Isaiah and the Christian Disciple Saint Paul are clearly referring to without ever actually using the word ‘Tree’. With this in mind, the most appropriate symbol for a tree would not only include the Upward Triangle, but would also need the Downward Triangle in order to symbolically represent the underground root system which supports the tree and prevents it from falling over.